- History: light, photons and electromagnetics spectrum.
- Geometrical optics: rays, image formation, field of view, lenses, image quality, diffraction and aberrations.
- Polarization: optical materials.
- Modulation transfer function: Fourier optics, resolution.
- Radiometry. Radiation: quantum aspect of light, black body radiation, emissivity.
- Detectors: responsivity, noise, frequency response. Lasers. Optical Fibers. Spectrometry and chemical analysis. Applications.